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Bayards Hill Geography Curriculum Handbook


At Bayards Hill, it is important that the children develop a greater understanding of the past and the events that have shaped the world we live in today. We want to encompass a love of Geography and deeper understanding of substantive concepts that link to Geography knowledge and understanding to other areas of the curriculum.


Geography is implemented through the Rising Stars Geography Framework. Each year group teaches three topics over the year, which entwines with the Geography curriculum. The topics are either taught consecutively or every other short term. This enables teachers to embed concepts and learning throughout the year groups.

We have created a progression of skills document for each year group, which empowers pupils to build on and develop their skills every year and gives teachers the foresight and previous learning.

Each child is given a knowledge organiser at the start of each topic. The knowledge organiser details some key information, dates and vocabulary specific to the topic being taught. This is not used as part of an assessment, but to support children with their acquisition of knowledge and is used as a reference document.

The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum supports children’s understanding of Geography through the planning and teaching of ‘Understanding the World’. This aspect is about how children find out about past and present events in their own lives, their families and other people they know. Children are encouraged to develop a sense of change over time and are given opportunities to differentiate between past and present by observing routines throughout the day, growing plants, observing the passing of seasons and time and looking at photographs of their life and of others. Practitioners encourage investigative behaviour and raise questions such as, ‘What do you think?', ‘Tell me more about?', 'What will happen if..?', ‘What else could we try?', ‘What could it be used for?' and ‘How might it work?' Use of language relating to time is used in daily routines and conversations with children for example, ‘yesterday', ‘old', ‘past', ‘now' and ‘then'

In KS2, each year group studies an aspect of local Geography, a British Geography topic and an ancient Geography topic.

In KS2, UK Geography is taught chronologically to allow children to confidently place each time period. This allows pupils to consistently build on previous knowledge and learning by placing previously taught Geography topics on a timeline.


Throughout lessons children will be taught a range of vocabulary that links to each topic, they will also acquire a range of skills for example Knowledge and understanding of past events, people and changes in the past, Chronological understanding of events and people, Historical interpretation from accounts, images and resources, how to conduct Historical enquiries to deepen understanding of British, local and world Geography and develop their Organisation and communication skills to share their learning and new knowledge.


Children will learn Geography through:

  • Constructing the past.

  • Sequencing the past.

  • Understanding change and development/Similarity and difference.

  • Cause and effect.

  • Significance and interpretations.

  • Planning and carrying out a historical enquiry.

  • Using sources as evidence.


In Nursery

- Understanding the World

In Reception

- Understanding the World

In KS1

Year 1 Unit 2 The Greatest Explorers.

Year 1 Unit 3 The Great inventions- The First Flight

Year 1 Our local Heroes

Year 2 Bonfire Night and the Great Fire of London.

Year 2 My Family Geography.

Year 2 Holidays

 In LKS2

Year 3 Unit The Stone Age

Year 3 Unit The Bronze Age and The Iron Age

Year 3 Unit Our Local Area

Year 4 Unit Crime and Punishment.

Year 4 Unit The Ancient Egyptians.

Year 4 Unit Roman Britain

 In UKS2

Year 5 The Anglo-Saxons.

Year 5 Vikings

Year 5 Journeys.

Year 6 The impact of War.

Year 6 The Ancient Greeks.

Year 6 The Maya Civilisation

Inclusion and SEND

At Bayards Hill Primary School, every teacher is a teacher of SEND. As such, inclusion is a thread that runs through every area of the school enhanced by collaboration between senior leaders, teachers, support staff, external agencies, parents and most importantly, the child. All pupils follow the National Curriculum at a level and a pace that is appropriate to their abilities. Lessons are planned with appropriate scaffolds, adjustments and modifications to ensure that there are no barriers to achievement and progress.


Teachers will use questioning and guided practice within each lesson to identify where more support and scaffolding is needed. After the lesson teachers will assess based on the work produced in a child’s exercise book.

Children will take part in summative assessments at the end of each topic, through quizzes to review the learning, address misconceptions and assess aspects of that topic which may need to be re-covered.

Curriculum Overview


Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1 

Summer 2


Geography: Animals and their Habitats.


Where do our favourite animals live?

Geography: The Greatest Explorers.


Who were the greatest explorers and what did they do?

Geography: Great inventions- The First Flight.


How did the first flight change the world/ Why were the Rainhill trials important?

Geography: People and their communities.


Where in the world do these people live?

Geography: Our local area.


What’s it like where we live?

Geography: Our Local Heroes.


Who are our local heroes and why should we remember them?


Geography: Journeys-Food


Where does our food come from?

Geography: Bonfire Night and the Great Fire of London.


Should we still celebrate Bonfire Night/Did the Great Fire make London a better or worse place?

Geography: Seasons


What are seasons?

Geography: Our Wonderful World.


What are the seven wonders of our world?

Geography: My Family Geography.


What was life like when our grandparents were children?

Geography: Holidays


How have seaside holidays changed over time?


Geography: The Stone Age


What was new about the Stone Age?

Geography: The Bronze Age and the Iron Age


Which was more impressive- the Bronze Age or the Iron Age?

Geography: Our World.


Where on Earth are we?

Geography: Earthquakes and Volcanoes.


How does the Earth shake, rattle and roll?

Geography: Rivers and the Water Cycle.


How does the water go round and round?

Geography: Our Local Area.


Why is local Geography important?


Geography: The Americas.


Can you come on a Great American Road Trip?

Geography: Climate and Weather


Why is climate important?

Geography: Crime and Punishment.


How has crime and punishment changed over time?

Geography: The Ancient Egyptians.


How much did the Ancient Egyptians achieve?

Geography: Coasts.


Do we like to be beside the seaside? (SS)

Geography: Roman Britain


Was the Roman invasion good or bad for Britain?


Geography: The Anglo-Saxons.


Was the Anglo-Saxon period really a Dark Age?

Geography: The Vikings.


Would the Vikings do anything for money?

Geography: Journeys.


What makes people go on a journey?

Geography: Journeys- Trade.


Where does all our stuff come from?

Geography: Europe- A Study of the Alpine Region.


Where should we go on holiday?

Geography: Changes in our Local Environment.


How is our country changing?


Geography: Protecting the Environment.


Are we damaging our world?

Geography: The impact of War.


Did WWI or WWII have the biggest impact on our locality?

Geography: Our World in the Future.


How will our world look in the future?

Geography: The Ancient Greeks.


What did the Greeks do for us?

Geography: The Maya Civilisation.


Why should we remember the Maya?

Geography: South America- The Amazon.


What is life like in the Amazon?





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